UP Catholic 02 05 2016 E Edition Page 3

www.upcatholic.org THE U.P. CATHOLIC February 5, 2016 3 (USPS 916-360 ISSN 10634525) THE U.P. CATHOLIC The Newspaper of the Diocese of Marquette Publisher: Most Rev. John F. Doerfler Editor: John Fee Assistant Editor: Jamie Carter Advertising Manager: Deacon Stephen Gretzinger Administrative Assistant: Sheila Wickenheiser Direct all news, correspondence and changes of address to: 1004 Harbor Hills Drive, Marquette, MI 49855-8851. Postal authorities direct Form 3579 to: 1004 Harbor Hills Dr., Marquette, MI 49855. The U.P. CATHOLIC is the official publication of the Diocese of Marquette. All notices and regulations, appointments, assignments, etc., issued under the caption 'Official' are to be regarded as official communications of the Diocese of Marquette. Opinion columns, letters to the editor and advertisements that appear in this publication do not necessarily reflect the opinions held by The U.P. Catholic or the Diocese of Marquette. The diocese is prohibited from endorsing candidates for public office. Office of Publication: 1004 Harbor Hills Dr., Marquette, Michigan. Periodical postage paid at Marquette, Michigan, 49855 and at additional entry office. Published Monthly in January, April, June, July, August and November. Published semi-monthly all other months. The U.P. Catholic is provided to all registered U.P. parishioners. The cost for subscribers who are not registered members of a parish in the Marquette Diocese is $25/year. Advertising is $14.86/col inch unless specified otherwise. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to The U.P. Catholic, 1004 Harbor Hills Drive, Marquette, MI 49855-8851. FOR CHANGE OF ADDRESS or SUBSCRIPTION QUESTIONS CALL (906) 227-9104 Telephone: (906) 227-9131 Toll Free: 1-800-562-9745 (ext. 131) FAX: (906) 225-0437 ADVERTISING Toll-Free: (866) 452-5112 E-Mail: Editorial - editor@dioceseofmarquette.org Advertising - upc@new.rr.com DEACON AARON NOWICKI St. Peter Cathedral Theology IV WE INVITE YOU TO PRAY FOR VOCATIONS. LOVING FATHER, MASTER OF THE HARVEST; PLEASE SEND MORE LABORERS TO WORK IN YOUR VINEYARD. AMEN. www.dioceseofmarquette.org/vocations DID YOU KNOW DEACON AARON... - earned his M.B.A. before enter- ing the Seminary? - is scheduled to be ordained a Priest on June 3, 2016? - led Michigan Tech's 2006 broomball league which had over 150 teams? D ear broth- ers and sisters in Christ, Over the last sev- eral messages, we have reflected on the virtues or becoming skilled servants of the Lord. We grow in virtue through Gods grace and by practic- ing good actions. Of course, this presup- poses that we know what good actions are! So that we know how to practice the right way, over the next several messages we will reflect on moral prin- ciples, the Commandments, conscience and sin. What makes our actions morally good or bad? Think of a three-legged stool or a tripod. All three legs are necessary for it to stand. If you pull out one leg, it will fall over. Similarly, our human acts are morally good if all three elements of the act are good: the object, the intention and the circumstances. If any one of these ele- ments is bad, then the whole act is bad. Pulling out just one of the legs makes it fall over. The object of an act answers the ques- tion, What am I doing? The object is always some action (mental or bodily): to buy this car, to carry out this job, to think thoughts of revenge. The intention answers the question, Why am I doing this? The intention points to the purpose or the reason why we choose to do something. The circumstances are other factors, secondary elements, which surround the human act. The circumstances an- swer questions such as, When, where, how and with whom am I doing this? An act that is bad by its object can never become good, regardless of the person's intention and the circumstanc- es. Murder, that is the deliberate killing of an innocent human being, is always bad no matter why a person chooses to kill another or when and how it is done. A good act can become bad because of a bad intention. Almsgiving is a good act in virtue of the object. However, if the reason why I give alms is to get noticed and praised, that bad intention makes the act bad. In fact, it makes it an act of pride (cf. Matthew 6: 1-4). A good act can also become bad if the circumstances are bad. For example, two students text each other about how they will volunteer for a service project over the weekend. This is a good act. However, if they text each other during school and in class when the teacher is talking, it is a bad act. The circum- stance of when they do it in this case turns the act into disrespect. It is a common misunderstanding today to judge the morality of our ac- tions based only on our intentions. Our intentions must be good, but they are insufficient. We have three legs to stand on. All three elements of our actions must be good: the object, the intention and the circumstances. If any one of them is bad then the whole act is bad. If you pull out one of the legs, the whole thing falls over. Morality gives us three legs to stand on JOY OF THE GOSPEL Bishop John Doerfler IF ANY ONE OF THESE ELEMENTS IS BAD, THEN THE WHOLE ACT IS BAD. PULLING OUT JUST ONE OF THE LEGS MAKES IT FALL OVER. (CNA/EWTN News) - Father Engelmar Unzeitig, a young priest with Czech roots serving in Germany and Austria, was arrested by the Nazis on April 21, 1941. His crime? Preaching against the Third Reich from his pulpit, particularly against their treatment of the Jewish people. He encouraged his congregation to be faithful to God and to resist the lies of the Nazi regime. As punishment, Father Unzeitig was sent to what has been called the largest monastery in the world: Dachau concentration camp, which became renowned for the number of ministers and priests within its walls. The camp housed some 2,700 clergy, roughly 95 percent of whom were Catholic priests from Poland, making it one of the largest residences for priests in the history of the Church - hence the name. Father Unzeitig was just 30 years old, and two years ordained, when he was sent to Dachau. Born in Greif- endorf, in what is now the Czech Republic, in 1911, Fa- ther Unzeitig joined the seminary at the age of 18 and became a priest for the Mariannhill Mission Society, whose motto is: If no one else will go: I will go! Treatment of the priests and ministers at Dachau was unpredictable - sometimes they were allowed to worship, at others they were severely treated. On one particular Good Friday, dozens of priests were select- ed for torture to mark the occasion. For several years, Father Unzeitig was able to remain in relatively stable health despite the poor treatment he received. However, when a wave of the often-fatal ty- phoid fever swept through the camp in 1945, he and 19 oth- er priests volunteered to do what no one else wanted to - care for the sick and dying in the typhoid barracks, an almost-certain death sentence in and of itself. He and his companions spent their days bathing and caring for the sick, praying with them and offering last rites. Despite his bleak circumstances, Father Unzeitig found his hope and joy in his faith, as evidenced in letters to his sister from the camp: Whatever we do, whatever we want, is surely simply the grace that carries us and guides us. God's almighty grace helps us overcome obstacles love doubles our strength, makes us inventive, makes us feel content and inwardly free. If people would only realize what God has in store for those who love him! he wrote. In another letter he wrote: Even behind the hardest sacrifices and worst suffer- ing stands God with his Fatherly love, who is satisfied with the good will of his children and gives them and others happiness. Eventually, on March 2, 1945, Father Unzeitig succumbed to typhoid fever himself, along with all but two of the other priest volunteers. Dachau was liber- ated by American soldiers just a few weeks later, on April 29. In recognition of his heroic virtue, Father Engelmar Unzeitig was declared venerable by Benedict XVI on July 3, 2009. On January 21, Pope Francis officially acknowledged Father Unzeitig as a martyr, killed in hatred of the faith, which opens the path for his beatification, the next step in becoming a canonized saint. The Angel of Dachau: Pope declares concentration camp priest a martyr Father Engelmar Unzeitig

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