UP Catholic 08 19 2016 E Edition Page 3

www.upcatholic.org THE U.P. CATHOLIC August 19, 2016 3 (USPS 916-360 ISSN 10634525) THE U.P. CATHOLIC The Newspaper of the Diocese of Marquette Publisher: Most Rev. John F. Doerfler Editor: John Fee Assistant Editor: Jamie Carter Advertising Manager: Deacon Stephen Gretzinger Administrative Assistant: Sheila Wickenheiser Direct all news, correspondence and changes of address to: 1004 Harbor Hills Drive, Marquette, MI 49855-8851. Postal authorities direct Form 3579 to: 1004 Harbor Hills Dr., Marquette, MI 49855. The U.P. CATHOLIC is the official publication of the Diocese of Marquette. All notices and regulations, appointments, assignments, etc., issued under the caption 'Official' are to be regarded as official communications of the Diocese of Marquette. Opinion columns, letters to the editor and advertisements that appear in this publication do not necessarily reflect the opinions held by The U.P. Catholic or the Diocese of Marquette. The diocese is prohibited from endorsing candidates for public office. Office of Publication: 1004 Harbor Hills Dr., Marquette, Michigan. Periodical postage paid at Marquette, Michigan, 49855 and at additional entry office. Published semimonthly except during January, June, July, August, September, and November. The U.P. Catholic is provided to all registered U.P. parishioners. The cost for subscribers who are not registered members of a parish in the Marquette Diocese is $25/year. Advertising is $14.86/col inch unless specified otherwise. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to The U.P. Catholic, 1004 Harbor Hills Drive, Marquette, MI 49855-8851. FOR CHANGE OF ADDRESS or SUBSCRIPTION QUESTIONS CALL (906) 227-9104 Telephone: (906) 227-9131 Toll Free: 1-800-562-9745 (ext. 131) FAX: (906) 225-0437 ADVERTISING Toll-Free: (866) 452-5112 E-Mail: Editorial - editor@dioceseofmarquette.org Advertising - upc@new.rr.com I n light of the upcoming elec- tions in the United States, I am beginning a three-part series of reflections on our responsibility to vote and participate in the public square. I am not telling you how to vote, nor am I supporting any polit- ical party or candidate. Rather, I am speaking to moral principles that we are called to em- brace, and it is your responsibility to consider prayerfully how to vote in light of these principles. In doing so, we are not imposing our Catholic faith on others. The moral principles that I will be discussing are rooted in ba- sic truths about the human person. Thus, they are applicable to everyone. Given space considerations, I will not be able to treat every issue in detail. Instead, I intend to provide a summa- ry. For a more complete treatment, see the document of the US Bishops, Forming Consciences for Faithful Cit- izenship available at www.usccb.org. In this message, I would like to reflect on four basic principles of Catholic Social Teaching to be applied to public life. In the second message, I will examine the obligation to do good. In the third message, I will treat the necessity of avoiding evil. All public policy should embody four fundamental principles: (1) the dignity of every human person, (2) the common good, (3) subsidiarity and (4) solidarity. THE DIGNITY OF THE HUMAN PERSON Each and every human being, from the moment of conception to natural death, is endowed with incompara- ble dignity. It is fundamental for the fovernment to respect each persons dignity and the inalienable rights that are rooted in it, such as the right to life. Threats to the dignity of the hu- man person include but are not lim- ited to abortion, euthanasia, assisted suicide, human cloning, in vitro fer- tilization, the destruction of human embryos for research, unjust war, terrorism, genocide, attacks against noncombatants, torture, racism, and human trafficking. Moreover, respect for the dignity of the human person urges us to overcome poverty and suf- fering (Faithful Citizenship, 44-45). THE COMMON GOOD The common good is the sum total of social conditions which allow people, either as groups or as individ- uals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily (Gaudium et Spes, 26). Human fulfillment should not be viewed merely in a material or economic sense. Human flour- ishing entails living a life of virtue and excellence. The common good consists of three essential elements: respect for and promotion of the fundamental rights of the person; prosperity, or the development of the spiritual and temporal goods of society; the peace and security of the group and its members (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1925). Since the human person reaches fulfillment not by himself, but rather by living with others and for others, all people have a responsibility for promoting the common good. Moreover, the promotion of the common good is the reason for the existence of the State (cf. Compendium of the Social Doc- trine of the Church, 165, 168). Thus, in prayerfully discerning for whom to vote, we should ask how well the candidates policies promote the com- mon good. Does the candidate strive to safeguard basic human rights? Is the right to life and religious liber- ty respected? Is the prosperity and development of society fostered so that people can obtain food, housing, education, employment, and health care? SUBSIDIARITY The principle of subsidiarity high- lights the importance of small and local groups in society, of which the family has the pride of place. Accord- ing to the principle of subsidiarity, there is a preference to address mat- ters on as local a level as possible and avoid over centralization and the un- due control of by higher levels of gov- ernment. Higher levels of government do have responsibility to act, howev- er, when the common good cannot be adequately fostered on the local level. Yet when higher level government institutions act, it should be with the attitude of help, support and pro- motion of the more local institutions not strive to substitute them (Com- pendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, 186-187; Faithful Citizenship, 48). Thus, in prayerfully discerning for whom to vote, we should ask how well the candidate's policies respect the principle of subsidiarity. Does the candidate promote big government control, or instead respect smaller, and more local levels of government and other smaller groups in society? SOLIDARITY The principle of solidarity highlights the fundamental unity we have with one another, our social nature, and the equal rights and dignity of every human person. Solidarity calls us to reach out to the marginalized, wel- come the stranger among us (includ- ing immigrants) and promote peace. It underscores the preferential option for the poor and prompts us to share our goods with one another. In light of our solidarity with one another, we recognize that we are not self-suffi- cient individuals. We must depend on each other and thus we all have a debt to society. (cf. Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, 192- 194; Faithful Citizenship, 52-54; Cat- echism of the Catholic Church, 1939- 1942). Thus, in prayerfully discerning for whom to vote, we should ask how well the candidate's policies respect the principle of solidarity. Does the candidate foster the obligations that each individual and society as a whole have to care for the needs of all? TWO SIDES OF A COIN The principles of solidarity and subsidiarity are two sides of a coin. Unfortunately, there is a tendency to emphasize one to the neglect of the other. Subsidiarity without solidarity can degenerate into isolated groups dominated by self-interest without concern for common good of society as a whole. Solidarity without subsid- iarity can degenerate into a 'welfare state' that stifles personal responsi- bility and local initiative (cf. Com- pendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, 351). In other words, we should strive for a balance. TO BE CONTINUED In the next two messages we will re- lect on the obligation to do good and avoid evil. These reflections will also help us to discern that even though all issues are important, they do not all have the same weight. JOY OF THE GOSPEL Bishop John Doerfler Voter's guide part one: four basic principles IT IS FUNDAMENTAL FOR THE GOVERNMENT TO RESPECT EACH PERSON'S DIGNITY AND THE INALIENABLE RIGHTS THAT ARE ROOTED IN IT, SUCH AS THE RIGHT TO LIFE. JACK KINNUNEN COLLEGE 1 WE INVITE YOU TO PRAY FOR VOCATIONS. LOVING FATHER, MASTER OF THE HARVEST; PLEASE SEND MORE LABORERS TO WORK IN YOUR VINEYARD. AMEN. www.dioceseofmarquette.org/vocations DID YOU KNOW JACK... - hails from Chassell, MI? -was recently accepted as a Seminarian? - is a youth leader in the Columbian Squires & Totus Tuus? - is active in drama and martial arts?

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