UP Catholic 10 07 2016 E Edition Page 3

I n the first part of the voter's guide, we reflected on four fundamental principles to guide our discernment about voting: the dignity of the human person, the common good, sub- sidiarity and solidarity. In the second part, we reflected on our responsibility and the government's responsibility to do good. In this third and final part, we will reflect on our responsibility and the government's respon- sibility to avoid evil. As I said in the two previous messages, I am not telling you how to vote, nor am I supporting any politi- cal party or candidate. Rather, I am speaking to moral principles that we are called to embrace, and it is your responsibility to consider prayerfully how to vote in light of these principles. INTRINSICALLY EVIL ACTS In order to safeguard the dignity of every human person and the common good, we and the government must avoid evil. Evil actions directly threaten the dignity of the human person and the common good of society. Some actions are always evil, and we call them in- trinsically evil acts. These include but are not limited to abortion, assisted suicide, euthanasia, the destruction of human embryos, human cloning, genocide, torture, the direct and in- tentional targeting of noncombatants in war, terrorist attacks, racist actions, and redefining marriage contrary to its essential meaning. Since the Supreme Court decision Roe v. Wade, there have been more than 50 million abortions in the United States - a number greater than the entire population of Canada. This underscores the fact the abortion is the gravest issue. In addition, when doing evil is falsely considered a right that ought to be protected, it makes the matter even more serious (cf. John Paul II, Evangelium Vitae, 11). THE SUPREME COURT AND INTRINSIC EVILS In addition, due to the role that the Supreme Court has had in promoting the intrinsic evils of abortion and the redefinition of marriage, it is crucial to examine a candidate's position with regard to the appointment of Supreme Court Justices. This would be applica- ble to candidates for the Senate, which approves the president's nominations, as well as for candidates for president, who nominate the justices. The next president will most likely nominate at least one Supreme Court Justice due to the death of Justice Scalia, and it is possible that the next president could nominate as many as four, since one Justice is age 83, another is age 80 and a third is age 78. INTRINSIC EVILS AND VOTING It is never permissible to commit an intrinsically evil action. Thus, we must never vote for a candidate because a candidate supports an intrinsically evil action. To do so would be to intend to promote evil directly (Faithful Citizen- ship, 31). Moreover, even if we do not support a candidate's position to promote evil, it is not morally permissible to vote for that candidate unless there are truly morally grave reasons to do so (Faithful Citizen- ship, 35). How do we determine whether there are truly morally grave reasons? First of all, in a situation where some candidates promote intrinsically evil acts and other candidates do not, we must choose from the candidates who do not pro- mote intrinsic evils. One might wonder, however, about the situation in which a candidate who promotes an intrinsic evil also has better policies, in our judg- ment, to do the good, such as promoting the economy and overcoming poverty, than another candidate who does not promote intrinsic evil. Such a situation does not constitute a morally grave reason for voting for the candidate who promotes evil. As we learned in the last message, there is room for debate on the best way to do good. Differing opinions on the best way to do good do not justify involvement in promoting evil. However, there are other situations in which all of the candidates for a given office promote one or more intrinsic evils. In such a situation, a person after careful deliberation could be justified in voting for the candidate who would do the least evil in the person's judgment (Faithful Citizenship, 36). This would constitute a morally grave reason for voting for a candidate who promotes an intrinsic evil. To make this judgement on which candidate is likely to do the least evil, we must also consider care- fully that some intrinsic evils are graver than others. Another option is the de- cision not to vote for any candidate for that office (Faithful Citizenship, 36). CONCLUSION Over these three messages we have ex- amined four fundamental principles of Catholic Social Teaching that inform our discernment about voting: the dignity of the human person, the common good, subsidiarity and solidarity. In addition, we have underscored the obligation to do good and avoid evil. While doing the good is non-negotiable, there is room for legitimate disagreement on the best way to achieve the good. It is also non-negotiable to avoid evil; thus, we should not vote for a candidate who promotes intrinsic evil without grave moral reasons. Let us remember to pray for our country in the upcoming elec- tions and ask our Lord to guide us as we exercise our responsibility to participate in public life through exercising our right to vote. www.upcatholic.org THE U.P. CATHOLIC October 7, 2016 3 (USPS 916-360 ISSN 10634525) THE U.P. CATHOLIC The Newspaper of the Diocese of Marquette Publisher: Most Rev. John F. Doerfler Editor: John Fee Assistant Editor: Jamie Gualdoni Advertising Manager: Deacon Stephen Gretzinger Administrative Assistant: Sheila Wickenheiser Direct all news, correspondence and changes of address to: 1004 Harbor Hills Drive, Marquette, MI 49855-8851. Postal authorities direct Form 3579 to: 1004 Harbor Hills Dr., Marquette, MI 49855. The U.P. CATHOLIC is the official publication of the Diocese of Marquette. All notices and regulations, appointments, assignments, etc., issued under the caption 'Official' are to be regarded as official communications of the Diocese of Marquette. Opinion columns, letters to the editor and advertisements that appear in this publication do not necessarily reflect the opinions held by The U.P. Catholic or the Diocese of Marquette. The diocese is prohibited from endorsing candidates for public office. Office of Publication: 1004 Harbor Hills Dr., Marquette, Michigan. Periodical postage paid at Marquette, Michigan, 49855 and at additional entry office. Published semimonthly except during January, June, July, August, September, and November. The U.P. Catholic is provided to all registered U.P. parishioners. The cost for subscribers who are not registered members of a parish in the Marquette Diocese is $25/year. Advertising is $14.86/col inch unless specified otherwise. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to The U.P. Catholic, 1004 Harbor Hills Drive, Marquette, MI 49855-8851. FOR CHANGE OF ADDRESS or SUBSCRIPTION QUESTIONS CALL (906) 227-9104 Telephone: (906) 227-9131 Toll Free: 1-800-562-9745 (ext. 131) FAX: (906) 225-0437 ADVERTISING Toll-Free: (866) 452-5112 E-Mail: Editorial - editor@dioceseofmarquette.org Advertising - upc@new.rr.com JOY OF THE GOSPEL Bishop John Doerfler Voter's guide part three: Avoid evil ELECTION PRAYER BY DEACON DAVE TALFORD Heavenly Father - 1. We pray for all campaign workers, the candidates, and their families who are undergo- ing intense media scrutiny and are under constant pressure. 2. During this Year of Mercy, please be merciful to us and give us the grace we need to trust in you Lord; and the wisdom we need to discern during these national, state and local elections those you have chosen to best lead us in the coming years. 3. Help us to cut through the fog surrounding the election process; that cloud of accusa- tions, misrepresentations, truth twisting, gossip, detraction and media slanting that gets worse every election. 4. Help us to choose leaders who will obey your commands, provide for our country's securi- ty, and achieve a good balance between successful free en- terprise and the needs of your people. 5. Restore respect for all life, a strong work ethic and the re- alization that we must charitably care for our neighbors and our environment. 6. Please allow the Holy Spirit and Mary, the Immaculate Con- ception, our Mother of Mercy and our country's patroness, to continue to guide us during these turbulent times. We ask all this through the intercession of your Son, Our Lord Jesus Christ, who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God forever and ever. Amen.

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